Lowering Blood Pressure Without Medication – Physical Activities and Breathing Exercise

In this modern era, more and more people seem to adopt unhealthy lifestyle. The fast paced world nowadays has benefited us but unfortunately it also has brought negative effects when the chaotic work life can lead to depression, and modern appliances tend to make us “lazy” and do less physical activities.

This is why people these days are more prone to diseases such as hypertension or high blood pressure (HBP) that may eventually lead to more serious health conditions such as stroke and heart failure. High blood pressure or hypertension is in fact a “silent killer” because people may not realize that they have it.

If you have hypertension one of the many ways you can do to lower or even normalize it without medication is by being more active physically. Of course you can have a lifestyle change such as changing your diet, stopping smoking as well as alcohol, and reducing salty foodstuff. But another thing that is also important is to do regular physical exercises that will be significant in reducing high blood pressure.

If you do physical exercises, you will have healthier supply of blood to your heart’s muscle tissue so it will get more oxygen and nutrients. As an addition, it will increase HDL (good cholesterol level) and reduce LDL (bad cholesterol level).

The kind of exercises you can do to control high blood pressure is aerobic, which is a rhythmic exercise that will improve your breathing and heart rates. In this case, you don’t need to do complicated and boring exercises. In fact, simple physical activities like mowing the lawn and fun activity like dancing are considered aerobics. The other examples of aerobic activities are walking, swimming, bicycling, stair climbing, etc.

An alternative kind of exercise to lower hypertension can be applied by eliminating tensions with breathing exercise because it is one of the main factors that contribute to HBP. When you practice slow deep breathing, your heart will not have to pump more blood like when you practice shallow breathing that reduces the body’s oxygen.

You should also practice the proper breathing, which is abdominal breathing instead of upper chest breathing. When you do abdominal breathing, your belly should rise while your chest stays still.

You can control your blood pressure without drugs or medication by implementing the tips above. However, you should note that it is better to consult your doctor before doing any kind of physical exercises, especially if your blood pressure is quite high.

MEDICAL Education in India

Becoming a doctor is a dream of millions of students in India. There isn’t any profession as respectful as a Doctor. However, many students aren’t aware of the complete process of becoming a doctor or a specialist. For same, the student needs hard work and dedication. It requires an undertaking to serve all forms of life with application of one’s knowledge, compassion and kindness. No other career is as satisfying as medical where you cure people suffering from illness, trauma, accidents, and disease. However, merely acquiring a degree isn’t enough as it is required to pick a branch in medicine and surgery to become a specialist. Several of the fields are – Pediatrics, Gynecology, Ophthalmology, Surgery, Neurosurgery and Cardiology. We have compiled this article for students interested in becoming a doctor or a specialist in India. This article is an overview of the complete process of the same.

Specializations in Different Streams of Medical Courses

Various courses are offered for specialization in life-sciences. A few of them are given here for you to have an idea:

  • Cardiology – deals with disorders of the heart. He performs specialized work like angioplasty, angiography, and by-pass surgery
  • Neurosurgery – a surgical discipline which deals with treating central and peripheral nervous system and spine disorders. It focuses on primarily brain, spinal cord and nerves. Medical specialists are called neurosurgeons
  • Orthopedics – these surgeons deal with disorders in skeletal structure. Further, fractures and disorders of the skeletal frame are undertaken. He performs therapies and suggests exercise for patients which are conducted by Physiotherapists
  • Ophthalmologists – they deal with human eye and its disorders. They are trained with surgeries of eyes, operation of cataract, glaucoma and other ailments
  • Psychiatry – he deals with psychiatry and other issues related to mind such as mental, emotional or behavioral disorders
  • Medicine – MBBS doctor who gains specializes in medicine and acquires an M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) degree is called a physician. His job is to comprehend patient’s problems, clinical test results, diagnosing the illness and then prescribing the treatment
  • Pediatrics – pediatrician deals with the children’s health from stages of newborn to adolescents. He diagnoses and performs treatment of the diseases of children
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology – Obstetricians and Gynecologists diagnose and treat the female reproductive disorders. They also perform operations like caesarian, laparoscopies and hysteroscopy. Further they deal with ovarian cancer and other illnesses related to reproductive systems

Stages of Medical Courses

There are basically three courses available for the interested candidates. It is not necessary to follow the hierarchy to become a specialist as one can pursue specialization course directly after pursuing the entrance examination.

  • Undergraduate Courses
  • Postgraduate Courses
  • Super Specialty Courses

Medical Governing Bodies

In India, we have four medical apex bodies which govern the medical professional and allied services. They function under the Government of India and comprises of separately affiliated medical associations.

  • Dental Council of India (DCI)
  • Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
  • Medical Council of India (MCI)
  • National Board of Examination (NAT Board)



B. D. S. (Bachelor of Dental Sciences)

Duration of this program is 4 years. 1 year is meant for compulsory rotating internship. Courses taught are -biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, basic anatomy and microbiology. Candidates are exposed to dentistry and hands-on-practice in the final two semesters.

M. B. B. S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)

This programs spans over duration of 5 ½ years and divided into three professional of three semesters. Each semester lasts 18 months or 1 ½ year. Last year is dedicated to compulsory rotating internship. Subjects like anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, forensic medicine, microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, general medicine, surgery, ophthalmology, ENT (ear, nose, and throat), gynecology, orthopedics and preventive & social medicine are taught.

B. A. M. S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)

Duration of this course is 5 ½ years. Ayurvedic Education in India is under monitoring by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), which again, is a statutory central government body.

B. U. M. S. (Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery)

This course deals with undergraduate degree in Unani Medicine & Surgery. Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM), a statutory government body manages the Unani education in India.

B. H. M. S. (Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery)

This program is of 5 ½ years duration. It includes one year compulsory internship. National Institute of Homeopathy, a statutory central government body governs the Homoeopathic education in India.

B. V. Sc. & A. H. (Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry)

Duration of this program is 5 ½ years. Undergraduate course is offered in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. Veterinary Council of India manages the Veterinary education in India.

B. Sc. – Nursing (Bachelor of Science in Nursing)

Duration of this undergraduate course is 3 to 4 years. Specialization is done in operation theatre, cardiac care and surgery. Nursing Council of India governs the education in nursing in India.

B. Pharm. (Bachelor of Pharmacy)

This is a 4 year degree program in pharmacy. Professionals are prepared for pharmaceutical industry, which is a multimillion dollar industry. Monitoring work of pharmaceutical education is done by the Pharmacy Council of India.

B. P. T. (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)

Different medical colleges of the country offer undergraduate course in physiotherapy. Course offers learning of scientific procedures and bio-mechanics used to treat a patient with disability or disease or injury. It is to acquire and maintain motor functional rehabilitation. Program also deals with prevention of malfunction or deformity.

B. O. T. (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy)

This is a graduate degree course in occupational therapy which is offered by various medical institutes. Through this program, professional therapists are prepared whose area of operation is to deal with people suffering from physical or mental disabilities. They are helped to achieve maximum functioning and independence related to daily activities of the body.

B. M. L. T. (Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology)

Various medical institutes in the country offer B.Sc. programme in medical laboratory technology. Successful candidates are conferred with B.Sc.-M.L.T. degree. They are the professionals who deal with practical and technical work to aid correct diagnosis and in the functioning of Biochemical labs.

Postgraduate Courses

M.D. (Doctor of Medicine)

This is a three year course which offers postgraduate degree in medicine. Those doctors who possess M.B.B.S. degree are eligible for this course. It is a specialized program in general medicine. Candidates who complete the degree successfully are eligible to choose physician as career.

M.S. (Master of Surgery)

It is a 3 years course which offers postgraduate degree in surgery. Those doctors who are M.B.B.S. are eligible to for this course. Successful doctors can work as surgeon, either independently or under an institute.

Postgraduate Diploma

Various medical colleges or institutes offer postgraduate diploma program in medicine. MBBS degree holders are eligible for the program. Duration of the course is 2 to 3 years.

Super Specialty Courses

DM / MCh

It is a super specialty course with duration of 2 to 3 years. Candidate need to be an MD (Doctor of Medicine). While M.Ch is a 2 years super specialty program in surgery which requires candidate to be having MS (Master of Surgery).

General Procedure for Admissions to Undergraduate Courses

Various medical institutes in the country, both government and private follow norms of eligibility criteria as suggested by the respective university. General terms of eligibility are that a candidate wanting to take admission in a medical college must have passed Senior Secondary Examination of CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) or its equivalent with physics, chemistry, and biology as subjects. Almost all of the government medical colleges offer admissions to Indian candidates on the basis of their performance in the entrance examination. A very few medical colleges, run by government, admit candidates from NRI/Foreign quota.

Such candidates need to contact the respective institute/university directly for admission. Appropriate documents and certificates must be submitted at the time of counselling. Various state boards conduct entrance examinations for admission in medical colleges and hospitals on behalf of the state government. Some private colleges either consider national level examination scores or conduct their own examination for admission.

Stages of Admission

Education Qualification – Candidate must be passed in class XII or equivalent with physics, chemistry and biology from any recognized Indian board (CBSE, ICSE etc.).

Entrance Exam – Candidate has to appear in a written exam for admission in medical colleges and hospitals. A candidate may be asked to undergo an interview or personality test as well. Congregate score of the exam and interview will be implemented for final decision.

Exam Pattern – Candidates can check the exam pattern, syllabus and interview/personality test (if any) in the official information brochure. Candidates can either download it from the official website or buy it from sale centers.

Result – Merit list of successful candidates who are declared eligible for admission will be issued by the examination board.

Final Selection – Candidates will be called for counselling and option filling by the concerned authority. After being selected, candidate has to go to submit certificates, course fee, and physical tests.

Entry Requirements for Courses

Candidates who have passed class XII exam with physics, chemistry and biology (zoology & botany) will be eligible for admission in MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery). Selection is done on the basis of all India competitive entrance examination or state level competitive entrance examination. All India Pre-Medical Test is conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi. State level examination is conducted by state entrance exam board.

Medical Entrance Examination

  • Admissions in medical colleges of the country (government and private) are made through entrance examination
  • Conducting body or organizations at national and state level will hold the examination
  • Purpose of examination is to select the most deserving candidates for admission
  • Courses are offered in diploma, degree, post-diploma, postgraduate degree and research level
  • On being chosen in the merit list, candidate can choose from a array of choices of colleges and courses
  • He will be allotted admission on the basis of merit list ranking, available seats, and choices filled

List of Important Medical Entrance Examinations

  • Annamalai University (AU) – Medical Entrance Exam
  • All India Pre-Veterinary Test (AIPVT)
  • Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences (AIMS) MBBS & BDS Entrance Test
  • Association of Management of Unaided Private Medical and Dental Colleges-(Asso-CET)
  • Banaras Hindu University-Pre Medical Test (BHU-PMT)
  • All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT)
  • All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS)
  • Armed Forces Medical Core Entrance (AFMC)
  • Aligarh Muslim University (AMU)
  • Common Entrance Test (CET)-Jammu & Kashmir
  • Common Entrance Test (CET)-Karnataka
  • Common Entrance Test (CET), Punjab University
  • Delhi University Medical-Dental Entrance Test (DUMET)
  • Directorate of Medical Education and Research (DMER), Maharashtra
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth University (BVU-CET)
  • Combined Entrance Examination (CEE), Kerala
  • Consortium of Medical, Engineering and
  • Dental Colleges of Karnataka-(COMEDK)
  • Engg., Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test (EAMCET)
  • medical education and research, Pondicherry (JIPMER)
  • Mahatma Gandhi Dental College and Hospital – BDS – Joint Entrance Test (JET)
  • Maharashtra Health Science & Technical Common Entrance Test (MHT-CET)
  • Maharashtra Super Speciality Entrance Test (MH-SSET)
  • Meenakshi Academy Of Higher Education And Research (MAHER)
  • PGMAT- Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board
  • Pre Medical Test (PMT)-Haryana
  • Pre Medical Test media=””(PMT), Madhaya Pradesh
  • Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences -All India Common Entrance Test
  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh
  • Pre Medical Test (PMT), Rajasthan
  • PG Medical Entrance Test, Jammu& Kashmir
  • Punjab Medical Entrance Test (PMET) – Punjab
  • Uttaranchal Pre-Medical Test (UPMT)
  • Uttar Pradesh Combined Pre Medical Test (UPCPMT)
  • Uttar Pradesh Common Admission Test – Dental (UPCAT – Dental)
  • Undergraduate Admission Written Test (UG AWT)
  • UP Post Graduate Medical Entrance Examination (UPPGMEE)
  • Veterinary Council of India (VCI)
  • Gujarat Common Entrance Test (GUJCET)
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University MBBS Entrance Test (GGSIPU-CET)
  • H.P. Combined Pre-Medical Entrance Test
  • Jawaharlal Institute of post-graduate
  • Masters in Medical Sciences Technology (MMST)
  • Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences Competitive Entrance Examination (MGIMS-CEE)
  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology

How to Get the Most Out of Your Annual Medical Physical

In this article today I would like to talk about several tips, tricks, and tactics that you can use to get the most out of your annual medical physical.

As we get older it’s especially important to have an annual medical physical just to make sure everything is working the way it should be and to prescreen ourselves for certain conditions or diseases that have a higher probability of cropping up as we grow older. Today I’d like to talk about some tips that you can use to make sure you’re getting the most out of your physical. Nobody really likes to go to the doctor for an annual checkup but as long as you’re there you might as well get the most out of it.

The first thing you should do is discuss every one of your major medical problems if you have any. Ask your doctor whether or not there have been any sort of advances in treatment during the past year. Ask them if there’s anything else you could be doing to deal with the problem.

The next thing you should do is review and discuss any medications you may be on. Bring a list of everything you’re taking to your checkup. This includes prescription drugs but also over the counter drugs and any dietary supplements you may be taking as well. Ask whether or not there are any alternatives to any of the drugs you may be taking and be sure to ask about any dangerous possible interactions between the different drugs.

You should also review any immunizations you may need. This may be more geared towards younger adults and especially children but adults need certain immunizations as well such as the flu shot and others like that.

There are nearly an infinite amount of screening tests that your doctor could give you, however there are a few that have really been proven to work well over the years and you should definitely have them done during your checkup. For instance, you should always get your blood pressure checked once a year. It’s also a pretty good idea to get your cholesterol checked as well.

Everybody is busy and nobody wants to spend more time at the doctors office than is absolutely necessary but it is important for you to devote as much time as possible to your yearly checkup so that the doctor can really do it right. If you’re fairly young and healthy, your checkup should last at least half an hour. If you’re a little older and not quite as healthy you can expect a good solid hour to really get in there and do things the way they should be done. Don’t short change this or rush through it.

So there you have several very simple tips and tricks that anybody can use to get the most out of your annual medical checkup. We live in such a fast-paced society that many people don’t take the time to get their yearly physical but it can be one the most important things that you do so be sure not to skip it.

The Different Types of Medical Intuitive Readings, Intuitive Diagnosis and Intuitive Body Scans


The field of Medical Intuition was founded by Caroline Myss and Norm Shealy, MD. Medical intuition is used for the intuitive diagnosis of the body’s energy field. It is also used to complement and expand upon the information provided by a medical professional.

An intuitive medical body scan is generally described as the intuitive assessment that gathers information about your physical and emotional energy systems.

There are several forms of medical intuitive scans. A medical intuitive scan can present a single energy perspective such as your emotional issues, or a multi level evaluation of all your systems.

A medical intuitive health assessment or reading occurs when the practitioner tunes into the client’s energy field. He answers questions and gives opinions from the intuitive information he “receives,” without actually looking at or into the cells of an organ et al. The practitioner also offers intuitive suggestions for your health issues. As an example, Louise Hayes of Hay House has two medical intuitives, Dr. Mona Lisa Shultz and Caroline Sutherland who provide intuitive readings.

An intuitive Body Scan reviews the client’s energy field and physical systems by intuitively evaluating the generalized overall energy patterns and the “feel” of those energy patterns. The practitioner reports their intuitive overview, evaluates the client’s condition and addresses health issue questions without going into minute detail by actually seeing the tissue, bones, nerves, et al.

They perceive the overall bioenergy field and note imbalances within that field. This is a great method for a yearly check up because it can compare last year’s impressions with the current ones. This is similar to a doctor taking general blood work, having annual tests and x-rays. Many Reiki and other energy medicine practitioners use this method.

MIDI – Medical Intuitive Diagnostic Imaging™ is a new medical intuitive diagnostic field. The generic name for this process is called X ray vision body scanning. It’s the process of how to see inside a body to interpret the bioenergy patterns that identify and diagnose past, current and future diseases and health issues. It takes “inner vision,” the term coined by Barbara Brennan, to an advanced level of detailed images.

The MIDI process is a very precise head to toe, front to back, over and under, 360 degree look inside the body. By examining each energy layer pattern in a specific area slice by slice, the practitioner can learn to identify and interpret what created or is creating the cumulative effect that becomes the physical disorder. A MIDI reading generates an incredibly accurate location, size and detailed description of each issue. MIDI determines the medical urgency associated with each illuminated health issue, in addition to providing a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation along with a future prognosis. A MIDI consultation also supplies suggestions for ongoing health management, medications, treatments and procedures from its database.

There is no difference in results whether the MIDI is performed onsite or remotely for a client who is in a different location. How long does a MIDI take? A full MIDI on a healthy person or a mini MIDI usually takes about 2 hours of evaluation. An average client with health issues and disorders usually takes 4 to 6 hours.

A typical MIDI takes 3 sessions, each about 2 hours long versus a 60 minute reading.

What’s the value of Medical Intuition? Medical intuition allows your body to provide invaluable information about what is going on. Medical intuition supports patient advocacy, second opinions and expands the patient’s holistic evaluation. Other values:

• It SAVES TIME! in catastrophic or trauma injury, critical or intensive care or emergency medicine situations.
• It can be performed from a distant location.
• Clarifies physical health and emotional issues and identifies critical disease areas or other energy imbalances.
• Identifies disease locations, determines the extent and severity of your body’s disorder from a 360 degree energy view.
• Determines the “urgency” of your physical situation.
• Can continuously monitor the client’s condition on site or at a distance.
• Has no side effects and is non invasive.
• Can confirm medical test results.
• Can be used in conjunction or in comparison with your current MRIs, PETs, MUGAs, CT Scans and X rays, et al.
• Can identify areas that have not yet become detectable by traditional medical examinations or testing. This information can assist you in making decisions about your medical treatment, and health care.
• Can provide information about future health issues.

All medical intuitive assessments are an invaluable tool. By identifying the causes of your current symptoms, a person can possibly prevent future health events or keep health issues, disorders or conditions from manifesting into physical dis-ease.

Study Affirms Physical Therapy As a Frontline Treatment For Low Back Pain

One of the simplest methods for treating Low Back Pain may actually be the best method. A review article published in February 2009 in the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons affirms that Physical Therapy should be the first treatment for low back pain. This review of previously published peer reviewed journal articles recommends that in the majority of cases the most effective treatment is physical therapy combined with anti-inflammatory medications.

This study examined people with symptomatic lower back pain arising from lumbar degenerative disc disease, a common cause of back pain. Symptomatic lumbar degenerative disc disease develops when a disc weakens (often due to repetitive strain), is injured, or deteriorates from aging. As a result, the disc is unable to hold the vertebrae as it should and the lack of stability can cause back pain.

Different treatment methods were detailed including surgery, medication and physical therapy with the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as over the counter medications aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen. The study affirms that physical therapy with NSAIDS is the cornerstone of non-surgical treatment and that in 90% of patients with low back pain, symptoms will resolve without surgical intervention. Therefore, barring an emergency, the initial treatment should be noninvasive.

Millions of people suffer from low back pain each year and it is the #1 reason people miss work in the US. Approximately 75% to 85% of adults will be affected by this condition at some point during their life, and the cost of this care is estimated to be a staggering $90 billion dollars per year. This includes money spent on diagnostics such as x-rays and MRI’s (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) and treatment including medications and surgery.

Pain medications are a very common first treatment for low back pain, but this only masks the symptoms rather than address the cause of the pain. This course of treatment is not free of risk or 100% safe as many people can become reliant on pain medications. Over 100,000 people per year are hospitalized from common over the counter pain medications, with over 16,000 deaths. In 2003, complications arising from NSAID use were the 13th most common cause of death in the United States. This rate is higher than that found from cervical cancer, asthma or malignant melanoma.

The other common treatment for back pain, spinal surgery, is not always the quick fix we wish it would be and it does not necessarily address the movement problem causing or contributing to one’s back pain. This is not a risk free treatment either. There are thousands of people who die each year from complications arising from spinal surgery and up to 50% of spinal surgery patients have partial or no relief of their symptoms.

There is a safer option; Physical Therapy.

Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy is any “hands-on” treatment provided by the physical therapist. Treatment may include moving joints in specific directions and at different speeds to regain movement (joint mobilization and manipulation), muscle stretching, passive movements of the affected body part, or having the patient move the body part against the therapist’s resistance to improve muscle activation and timing. Selected specific soft tissue techniques may also be used to improve the mobility and function of tissue and muscles. Manual Physical Therapy is a safe, cost effective, and proven treatment for low back pain. In specific subgroups 95% of patients achieve dramatic relief with manual physical therapy, which is 1/10 the cost of a spinal fusion. What would you choose?

A physical therapy evaluation should consist of a thorough history, postural evaluation, range of motion, strength measurements, and a physical evaluation. Treatment should include hands-on therapy, including joint and soft-tissue mobilization, body mechanics and core stabilization exercises. Physical therapists are the primary provider of treatment for musculoskeletal pain and movement dysfunctions, especially low back pain.

Current estimates suggest that 90-97 percent of all low back/leg pain is caused by dysfunction of either the spinal joints or muscles, or both. Surgery should be the last option, once all other noninvasive treatments have been explored. There are many alternatives to spinal surgery, and physical therapy is a proven and effective treatment for lower back pain. Physical Therapists are also easily accessible and you can see yours right away for low back pain and many other orthopedic conditions. Here are some highly effective exercises, which will help safely move your back and engage your core, that you can do if you have low back pain.

In North Carolina, you have the right to choose who you see for physical therapy and you can see your physical therapist without first having to see your physician. This is called Direct Access, and allows you to seek treatment for your condition today, get better faster, spend less money, feel great and return to the activities you enjoy. You can search for a manual physical therapist online or when you call the physical therapy practice of your choice, ask if they provide manual physical therapy as their main treatment for low back pain.